The Lemhi County Historical Society and Museum houses the largest extant collection of Lemhi Shoshoni artifacts on exhibit. The Salmon, Lemhi, and Pahsimerai* valleys are the traditional homeland of the Lemhis (Agaidika or Salmon-Eaters) and an extensive collection of clothing, beadwork, arrowheads, and other implements detail their lives in these valleys.
In Lemhi County, the Chinese arrived with the discovery of gold and moved throughout the region as ore deposits were located. In Salmon City, the Chinese established a small commnity where the Lemhi County Museum now stands, extending north approximately two blocks and west to the banks of the river. The Museum exhibits a number of artifacts from the local Chinese population as well as a collection of photographs.
In 1966, to commemorate the efforts of his mining and ranching ancestors, the Ray Edwards estate donated a collection of Asian artifacts and built the room in which they are exhibited. Edwards collected the Chinese, Japanese, and Tibetan relics during a 1920s tour of Asia.
Ranching has a long history in the Lemhi valley; these histories, along with many other aspects of life in the American West, are recreated in exhibits of historical implements, artifacts from everyday life, and a wide range of local historical photographs.
The 1866 discovery of gold in the mountains above Salmon City introduced a new era in the area’s history. Miners, ranchers, and lumbermen created this new community along the banks of the Salmon River and established numerous other camps and towns throughout Lemhi County.